Spencer, Herbert


Spencer, Herbert
► (1820-1903) Filósofo británico. Fundador de la filosofía evolucionista en Gran Bretaña.

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(27 abr. 1820, Derby, Derbyshire, Inglaterra–8 dic. 1903, Brighton, Sussex).

Sociólogo y filósofo inglés, exponente del darwinismo social. En System of Synthetic Philosophy [El sistema de la filosofía sintética], 9 vol. (1855–96), postuló, a partir de la teoría de la evolución de las especies biológicas, que los dominios físico, orgánico y social están interconectados y se desarrollan en virtud de principios evolutivos idénticos. Esta evolución sociocultural se traducía, en palabras de Spencer, en "la supervivencia de los más aptos. El sistema de libre mercado, sin la interferencia de los gobiernos, eliminaría a los débiles e incompetentes. Su controvertida filosofía del laissez-faire fue alabada por darwinistas sociales como William Graham Sumner y rechazada por sociólogos como Lester Frank Ward. Querido y odiado, Spencer fue uno de los pensadores victorianos más controvertidos.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Spencer Herbert — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = name = Spencer Herbert honorific suffix = imagesize = small caption = order = office = Vancouver Parks Board Commissioner term start = term end = birth date = birth date and age|1981|05|15 birth place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Spencer, Herbert — born April 27, 1820, Derby, Derbyshire, Eng. died Dec. 8, 1903, Brighton, Sussex English sociologist and philosopher, advocate of the theory of social Darwinism. His System of Synthetic Philosophy, 9 vol. (1855–96), held that the physical,… …   Universalium

  • Spencer, Herbert — (1820 1903) The Victorian prophet of Social Darwinism , who was famous in his time, and especially admired in the United States. Many of his ideas have entered Western culture as conventional wisdoms or at least as conventional prejudices yet few …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Spencer, Herbert — (1820–1903) English philosopher of evolution. Spencer was born in Derby of radical Wesleyan parents, and suffered a sporadic education, leaving him largely self taught. His early individualism is recorded in the story that, having been sent to… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • SPENCER, HERBERT —    systematiser and unifier of scientific knowledge up to date, born at Derby, son of a teacher, who early inoculated him with an interest in natural objects, though he adopted at first the profession of a railway engineer, which in about eight… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Spencer,Herbert — Spen·cer (spĕnʹsər), Herbert. 1820 1903. British philosopher who attempted to apply the theory of evolution to philosophy and ethics in his series Synthetic Philosophy (1855 1893). * * * …   Universalium

  • SPENCER, Herbert — (1820 1903)    English POSITIVIST philosopher, sociologist and LIBERAL who was the dominant intellectual figure in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Applying DARWIN S views to SOCIETY, he developed a PHILOSOPHY of PROGRESS expressed in… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Spencer, Herbert — (1820 1903)    Philosopher, b. at Derby, the s. of a teacher, from whom, and from his uncle, mentioned below, he received most of his education. His immediate family circle was strongly Dissenting in its theological atmosphere, his f., originally …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Спенсер Герберт / Spencer, Herbert — (1820 1903). Спенсер считал ассоцианизм непреложным принципом психологии. Он и его современник Александр Бен, являлись ярчайшими представителями английского ассоцианизма …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Spencer — Spencer, Herbert …   Philosophy dictionary


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